Diabetic retinopathy results from complications related to diabetes. It is characterized by the weakening of tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina. Blood and other fluid leak from the weakened vessels, which can injure the retina, leading to loss of vision and can lead to blindness.
To diagnose diabetic retinopathy, your eye doctor will ask about your diabetes. Then, he or she will do a complete eye exam. You may have the following: